N-Phenol (C6H5OH), is a toxic, colourless crystalline solid with a sweet tarry odor that resembles a hospital smell. It is commonly used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. It is active against a wide range of micro-organisms including some fungi and viruses, but is only slowly effective against spores. Neonol AF 9-9.5 is an Ethoxylated Monoalkylphenol on the basis of propylene trimer; it is a highly efficient nonionic surfactant, intended for use as technical surfactant and feedstock for synthesis of an active base of textile – auxiliary products.
It has been used to disinfect skin and to relieve itching. Phenol is also used in the preparation of cosmetics including sunscreens, hair dyes, and skin lightening preparations. It is also used in the production of drugs (the starting material in the industrial production of aspirin), weed-killers, and synthetic resins. It is used for flooding of oil pools to intensify oil production. It is also used in textile, pulp and paper industry, plants protection and growth control agent, as a component in lubricating-cooling, hydraulic and other process liquids, in ferrous metallurgy.